Determination of Different Tillage Methods In Terms of Technically And Economically in Second Crop Maize For Silage

Mehmet Fırat BARAN

Özet


The research has been carried out in Central Station of Atatürk Soil and Water Agricultural Meteorology Research station manager in 2011 sowing season. In the research, the effects of different soil tillage systems (T1: Turn shredder + Heavy tine spring cultivator + Pneumatic precision drill, T2: Turn shredder + Rotory tiller+ Pneumatic precision drill, T3: Turn shredder + Chisel + Heavy duty disk harrow + Pneumatic precision drill and T4: Plough +Heavy duty disk harrow + Pneumatic precision drill) applied in second crop maize for silage have been compared in terms of plant growing, yield and enterprise economy. In the study, fuel consumption and labor success of the machines, average outflow time of the plant, land rattoon outflow degree, straw thickness, plant length and yield values and moisture of the soil have been determined and the methods have been analyzed. As a result of the evaluations, while the highest silage yield has been obtained in traditional method as T4, the lowest yield has been obtained in T2: method. Among the methods, the lowest fuel consumption has been determined in T1 soil tillage system with 25.21 lt/ha and the highest fuel consumption has been determined in T4 soil tillage system with 46.46 lt/ha. The soil tillage system in which the average labor success is the highest has been T4 soil tillage system with 5.40 ha/h and the other subjects have been calculated as 5.07 ha/h T3, 4.23 ha/h T1, 4.17 ha/h T2 respectively. In cost analyses which have been done as to gross profits, T4 soil tillage system has obtained the highest gross profit with 6069.24 TL/ha and T3 ,T1 and T2 soil tillage systems have followed it with 5972.50 TL/ha, 5549.40 TL/ha and 5403.37 TL/ha respectively.


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